Special Assignment: Vietnam

Directions: Answer the questions on a separate sheet of peper, using the web sites that you find on your own. (Use the time line below, as well as one of the metasearch engines found at: http://TheEllisSchool.org/WorldClass/SEARCH.html or the GlobaLinks home page. NOTE: MAKE SURE YOU SELECTS THE "SEARCH THE WEB" BUTTON!)

Answer each in SHORT FORM;

1. In what way did the United States first get involved in the Vietnamese conflict AND in what year? (2pts)

2. What was the signifgance of the 17th parallel (OR Ben Hai River)? (1pt)

3. What happened in the Gulf of Tonkin in August of 1964? How did the U.S. respond? (2pts)

4. What was "Operation Rolling Thunder"? (1pt)

5. What was the "Hanoi Hilton"? (1pt)

6. What was the "Tet Offensive"? What was the U.S. response to it? (2pts)

7. Compare the number of U.S. troops involved in the Vietnam War at the start of the 1960's to that at the end of the same decade. (2pts)

8. Describe President Nixon's policy of Vietnamization". (2pts)

9. Give four reasons why so many Americans were opposed to our country's involvement in this war. (2pts)


111 B.C.--Vietnam, originally settled by Chinese Viets, becomes vassal state of China

1884 A.D.--France ends 26-year conflict to control most of Vietnam

1940--Vietnam is occupied by Japan

1945--Nationalist movement, led by communist Ho Chi Minh, overthrows Japan-sponsored regime

1949--State of Vietnam, headed by Bao Dai, formed with French approval;
Ho Chi Minh recognized as Vietnam's leader by China

1950--U.S. sends 35 military advisors to South Vietnam, agreeing to provide economic and military aid to anti-communist government

1953--U.S. gives France $60 billion for Indochina war

1954--Nationalist, Communist forces defeat France in an unsuccessful attempt to regain control of Vietnam lasting 8 years;
Vietnam divided at Ben Hai River, with French withdrawal; elections put communists in power, led by President Ho Chi Minh; 900,000 North Vietnamese flee to South Vietnam;
North Vietnamese troops begin moves to take over South Vietnam

1955--Republic of South Vietnam established, led by Ngo Dinh Diem

1959--North Vietnam adopts constitution calling for reunification of North, South Vietnam

1960--U.S. announces support of rightist group in Laos

1962--President Kennedy announces military advisors in Vietnam would be fired upon

1963--U.S. withdraws support for South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem, who is later assassinated;
over 15,000 U.S. troops in Vietnam, aid over $500 million

1964--U.S. sends military planes to Loas;
U.S. congress passes Tonkin Resolution, authorizing presidential action in Vietnam, after North Vietnamese boats reportedly attacked 2 U.S. destroyers

1965--President Johnson orders continual bombing of southernmost North Vietnam;
184,300 U.S. troops in South Vietnam

1966--U.S. forces attack Cambodia;
U.S. attacks North Vietnamese capital of Hanoi;
385,300 U.S troops in South Vietnam, plus 60,000 offshore, 33,000 in Thailand

1967--475,000 U.S troops in South Vietnam;
U.S. bombing of North Vietnam continues;
significant anti-war demonstrations begin in U.S.

1968--communist troops attack capital of South Vietnam, Saigon and 30 province
capitals (known as the "Tet Offensive");
President Johnson curbs bombing of North Vietnam;
Peace talks begin in Paris; U.S. bombing ends

1969--expanded peace talks begin;
U.S force peaks at 543,400, withdrawal begins;
anti-war demonstrations peak in U.S.;
report of "Mylai massacre", in which U.S. troops killed Vietnamese civilians of 1968 made public

1970--U.S., South Vietnamese forces invade Cambodia;
four students killed by National Guard troops on Kent State campus during anti-war demonstration

1971--U.S., South Vietnamese troops invade Loas;
U.S. bombs North Vietnam, in retaliation for alleged violations of agreements reached prior to 1968 bombings;
140,000 U.S. troops in South Vietnam

1972--North Vietnam launches biggest attacks on South Vietnam;
U.S. responds with resumption of bombings in Hanoi, Haiphong;
U.S. mines North Vietnamese ports;
last U.S. combat troops leave South Vietnam

1973--peace accords signed;
North Vietnam releases 590 U.S. prisoners of war;
U.S. ends bombing of Cambodia

1975--U.S. civilians evacuated from Saigon, as communist forces complete takeover of South Vietnam and begin reunification process

1996--Socialist Republic of Vietnam (formerly N&S) exists; Hanoi is capital, $72 billion GNP, main activity related to rubber, rice, fishing, food processing and textiles;
economic development has been adversely affected by the war, but recent aid and investment from the U.S. and others has helped it grow